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Le rover Perseverance a passé 100 jours sur Mars, voici ses plus belles photos

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Perseverance prend un selfie avec Ingenuity, le 6 avril. © NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Seán Doran
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{"blocks":[{"key":"3afca","text":"Sept mois après son décollage, le rover Perseverance s'est posé sur le sol de Mars le 18 février. Le véhicule de la NASA a ensuite progressivement débuté ses missions sur la planète rouge, à savoir scanner et forer le sol pour chercher des traces de vie. Les échantillons récoltés devraient faire l'objet d'une future mission pour les ramener sur Terre.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"8bqcp","text":"Perseverance abritait également un drone hélicoptère, Ingenuity, qui a effectué son tout premier vol le 19 avril dernier. Le rover continue à présent ses missions de recherche, suivies et scrutées de près par les équipes scientifiques qui participent au projet. Perseverance transmet des images de manière quotidienne, en voici quelques-unes.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[{"offset":80,"length":20,"key":0}],"data":{}},{"key":"1pjn","text":"À lire aussi — La Nasa dévoile un panorama exceptionnel à 360 °de Mars à partir de 142 photos envoyées par Perseverance","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[{"offset":0,"length":119,"style":"ITALIC"},{"offset":0,"length":119,"style":"BOLD"}],"entityRanges":[{"offset":15,"length":104,"key":1}],"data":{}},{"key":"52o5d","text":"Mardi 1er juin, Perseverance fêtait son 100ème jour sur la planète rouge.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"8u9h8","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Perseverance photographie son propre appareil photo.","target":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"path":"/bin/2021/06/02/8c33edbf-71d3-4dd3-b8d9-a44ffbe1bf63.jpeg","sha1":"7461c3c2395c8c4dc3e021778da79db98ffd4996","width":1280,"height":962,"site":"PMD_BONE_Image","ratio":1.33,"updatedAt":"2021-06-02T14:45:18+0200","date":"2021-06-02T12:45:18.000Z","url":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/8c33edbf-71d3-4dd3-b8d9-a44ffbe1bf63.jpeg","canonical":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/8c33edbf-71d3-4dd3-b8d9-a44ffbe1bf63.jpeg","credit":"NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/MSSS/Seán Doran ","id":"8c33edbf-71d3-4dd3-b8d9-a44ffbe1bf63","createdAt":"2021-06-02T14:45:18+0200","namespace":"bin","originalName":"phpfVxOYB","fileSize":146730,"extension":"jpeg"},"links":{"app":[{"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"type":"text/html","html":"","media":{"width":1280,"height":962}}],"thumbnail":[{"rel":["thumbnail","ssl"],"type":"image/jpeg","href":"https://one.img.pmdstatic.net/fit/https.3A.2F.2Fi.2Epmdstatic.2Enet.2Fbin.2F2021.2F06.2F02.2F8c33edbf-71d3-4dd3-b8d9-a44ffbe1bf63.2Ejpeg/200x150/q/80/thumbnail.jpg","media":{"width":200,"height":150}}]},"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"html":""},"format":null,"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"rel":null,"type":"image","source":"SERVICE DE PRESSE PERPETUEL","key":"8u9h8"}},{"key":"cqt27","text":"Perseverance s'est posé dans le cratère Jezero de Mars le 18 février. Si la vie a déjà existé sur la planète rouge, cet ancien lit de lac pourrait contenir des fossiles de microbes extraterrestres.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"df90l","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"L'atterrissage, le 18 février.","target":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"path":"/bin/2021/06/02/5e13f88e-4d99-4859-a34a-ec8844261f9c.jpeg","sha1":"8749f2a4e4156a89b2159b61de547f55ca1adab1","width":1280,"height":962,"site":"PMD_BONE_Image","ratio":1.33,"updatedAt":"2021-06-02T14:45:35+0200","date":"2021-06-02T12:45:35.000Z","url":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/5e13f88e-4d99-4859-a34a-ec8844261f9c.jpeg","canonical":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/5e13f88e-4d99-4859-a34a-ec8844261f9c.jpeg","credit":"NASA/JPL-Caltech/Handout via Reuters 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Mars.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[{"offset":140,"length":21,"key":2}],"data":{}},{"key":"9m8e1","text":"Depuis lors, Perseverance a constitué une bibliothèque d'étonnantes photos.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"691u1","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Perseverance a photographié le jetpack qui a permis de descendre le rover sur la surface 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Terre.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[{"offset":3,"length":4,"key":3}],"data":{}},{"key":"3i8kv","text":"Le rover a commencé à photographier son environnement peu après l'atterrissage, capturant les falaises, les champs de rochers et les dunes de sable du cratère Jezero.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"3oosv","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Le bord du cratère Jezero vu dans le premier panorama à 360 degrés pris par l'instrument Mastcam-Z à bord du 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Certaines l'aident à naviguer sur le terrain martien en repérant les dangers potentiels tels que les gros rochers ou les tranchées. D'autres permettent aux opérateurs humains sur Terre de vérifier que les pièces du rover sont en bon état.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[{"offset":23,"length":10,"key":4}],"data":{}},{"key":"aub8h","text":"L'équipe de Perseverance a assemblé 142 images prises par le rover pour créer un panorama de la région.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"8c836","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Le premier panorama à 360 degrés pris par la Mastcam-Z, composé d'images capturées pendant le troisième jour du rover sur Mars.","target":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"path":"/bin/2021/06/02/96e0fc8e-b918-4982-9718-054131d292c8.jpeg","sha1":"11f5365a0b76d99420685d8d37c98c0e3e1e1d0f","width":1280,"height":330,"site":"PMD_BONE_Image","ratio":3.88,"updatedAt":"2021-06-02T14:46:00+0200","date":"2021-06-02T12:46:00.000Z","url":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/96e0fc8e-b918-4982-9718-054131d292c8.jpeg","canonical":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/96e0fc8e-b918-4982-9718-054131d292c8.jpeg","credit":"NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/ASU ","id":"96e0fc8e-b918-4982-9718-054131d292c8","createdAt":"2021-06-02T14:46:00+0200","namespace":"bin","originalName":"phpLQHKpc","fileSize":98986,"extension":"jpeg"},"links":{"app":[{"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"type":"text/html","html":"","media":{"width":1280,"height":330}}],"thumbnail":[{"rel":["thumbnail","ssl"],"type":"image/jpeg","href":"https://one.img.pmdstatic.net/fit/https.3A.2F.2Fi.2Epmdstatic.2Enet.2Fbin.2F2021.2F06.2F02.2F96e0fc8e-b918-4982-9718-054131d292c8.2Ejpeg/200x52/q/80/thumbnail.jpg","media":{"width":200,"height":52}}]},"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"html":""},"format":null,"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"rel":null,"type":"image","source":"SERVICE DE PRESSE PERPETUEL","key":"8c836"}},{"key":"cu73a","text":"En un mois, le rover a repéré son premier tourbillon de poussière.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"2mpo","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"type":"media","key":"2mpo","caption":null,"format":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"title":"NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover on Twitter","author":"NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover","author_url":"https://twitter.com/NASAPersevere","site":"Twitter","description":"Spotted a dust devil. You can see it in the distance behind my robotic arm in this enhanced/processed view. The dust devil is moving right to left and creating whirlwinds of dust in its path. pic.twitter.com/t18DxdcSTw— NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover (@NASAPersevere) March 16, 2021\n\n","canonical":"https://twitter.com/NASAPersevere/status/1371960201146814464"},"links":{"app":[{"html":"

Spotted a dust devil. You can see it in the distance behind my robotic arm in this enhanced/processed view. The dust devil is moving right to left and creating whirlwinds of dust in its path. pic.twitter.com/t18DxdcSTw — NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover (@NASAPersevere) March 16, 2021

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Spotted a dust devil. You can see it in the distance behind my robotic arm in this enhanced/processed view. The dust devil is moving right to left and creating whirlwinds of dust in its path. pic.twitter.com/t18DxdcSTw — NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover (@NASAPersevere) March 16, 2021

\n\n"},"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"target":null,"rel":null}},{"key":"8s2mp","text":"Mars n'a pas d'arc-en-ciel, mais Perseverance a capturé un éclat de lentille qui y ressemblait.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"bpi74","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Une photo datant d'avril présentait un reflet de lentille qui ressemblait à un arc-en-ciel martien. 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Cet arc est un éclat de lentille.\"","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"a8ph2","text":"Afin de tester son outil laser, le rover a capturé un rocher à proximité et a photographié la ligne de points qu'il a laissée sur la surface.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"5fi9h","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Le rover a photographié la ligne de points que son laser a laissée sur un rocher qu'il a touché en mars. 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Les ingénieurs de la NASA voulaient voir s'ils pouvaient le faire voler dans la fine atmosphère martienne. 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"},"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"target":null,"rel":null}},{"key":"fm59l","text":"Le selfie est en fait une mosaïque de 62 images.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"a24s2","text":"Lorsque Ingenuity s'est soulevé du sol de la planète rouge pour la première fois et est entré dans l'histoire, Perseverance était aux aguets.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"88jj3","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Perseverance photographie le premier vol d'Ingenuity.","target":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"path":"/bin/2021/06/02/c1dc6580-5d16-4e33-a285-a6af93f8b543.jpeg","sha1":"84a356d09dd2caf1e8b28e530ad1829f5d623d79","width":1280,"height":959,"site":"PMD_BONE_Image","ratio":1.33,"updatedAt":"2021-06-02T14:47:34+0200","date":"2021-06-02T12:47:34.000Z","url":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/c1dc6580-5d16-4e33-a285-a6af93f8b543.jpeg","canonical":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/c1dc6580-5d16-4e33-a285-a6af93f8b543.jpeg","credit":"NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/MSSS ","id":"c1dc6580-5d16-4e33-a285-a6af93f8b543","createdAt":"2021-06-02T14:47:34+0200","namespace":"bin","originalName":"phphFR4ZQ","fileSize":294860,"extension":"jpeg"},"links":{"app":[{"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"type":"text/html","html":"","media":{"width":1280,"height":959}}],"thumbnail":[{"rel":["thumbnail","ssl"],"type":"image/jpeg","href":"https://one.img.pmdstatic.net/fit/https.3A.2F.2Fi.2Epmdstatic.2Enet.2Fbin.2F2021.2F06.2F02.2Fc1dc6580-5d16-4e33-a285-a6af93f8b543.2Ejpeg/200x150/q/80/thumbnail.jpg","media":{"width":200,"height":150}}]},"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"html":""},"format":null,"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"rel":null,"type":"image","source":"SERVICE DE PRESSE PERPETUEL","key":"88jj3"}},{"key":"aqkae","text":"Il s'agissait des premiers vols contrôlés et motorisés jamais effectués sur une autre planète.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"8ei6o","text":"Le rover a également capturé une vidéo complète des premiers vols de l'hélicoptère.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"cemmc","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"type":"media","key":"cemmc","caption":null,"format":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"media":"player","site":"YouTube","author":"NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory","views":"1673341","date":"2021-04-25T21:26:08.000Z","dislikes":"297","canonical":"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNx9hcrUpww","duration":77,"title":"Perseverance Rover's Mastcam-Z Captures Ingenuity's Third Flight","author_url":"https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCryGec9PdUCLjpJW2mgCuLw","likes":"17981","description":"NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter takes off and lands in this video captured on April 25, 2021, by Mastcam-Z, an imager aboard NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover. 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","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"aau03","text":"Maintenant que les premiers vols d'Ingenuity sont terminés, Perseverance a commencé sa mission scientifique primaire.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"cbqu3","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"La Mastcam-Z a capturé cette image de \"Santa Cruz\", une colline située à environ 2,4 km de Perseverance, le 29 avril. 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Il va stocker ces échantillons pour qu'une future mission de la NASA les ramène sur Terre.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"7hrp","text":"Les caméras du rover ont commencé à étudier les roches mystérieuses, en commençant par le \"test du zoom\" illustré ci-dessous.","type":"header-two","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"f5eep","text":"NASA","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":null,"target":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"path":"/bin/2021/06/02/351fc9f6-8210-4c94-b566-9f29f5d9824c.gif","sha1":"00cb64769e774100f8f4525177c7ba73d343a659","width":1024,"height":761,"site":"PMD_BONE_Image","ratio":1.35,"updatedAt":"2021-06-02T14:50:36+0200","date":"2021-06-02T12:50:36.000Z","url":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/351fc9f6-8210-4c94-b566-9f29f5d9824c.gif","canonical":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/351fc9f6-8210-4c94-b566-9f29f5d9824c.gif","credit":"NASA","id":"351fc9f6-8210-4c94-b566-9f29f5d9824c","createdAt":"2021-06-02T14:49:07+0200","namespace":"bin","originalName":"phpXfktiB","fileSize":9218111,"extension":"gif"},"links":{"app":[{"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"type":"text/html","html":"","media":{"width":1024,"height":761}}],"thumbnail":[{"rel":["thumbnail","ssl"],"type":"image/jpeg","href":"https://one.img.pmdstatic.net/fit/https.3A.2F.2Fi.2Epmdstatic.2Enet.2Fbin.2F2021.2F06.2F02.2F351fc9f6-8210-4c94-b566-9f29f5d9824c.2Egif/200x149/q/80/thumbnail.jpg","media":{"width":200,"height":149}}]},"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"html":""},"format":null,"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"rel":null,"type":"image","source":"SERVICE DE PRESSE PERPETUEL","key":"f5eep"}},{"key":"3ndbk","text":"Lorsque les scientifiques de la NASA ont constaté que le site d'atterrissage de Perseverance était entouré de ce type de roches, ils ont modifié les plans du rover pour qu'il reste dans la région quelques semaines de plus. Ils veulent savoir s'il s'agit de roches volcaniques ou de roches provenant de sédiments fluviaux. Le fait de rester dans la région a également permis à Ingenuity de continuer à voler.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"vvou","text":"Une fois l'étude de ces roches terminée, Perseverance se dirige vers les falaises du delta de la rivière qui alimentait autrefois le lac Jezero.","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{}},{"key":"5sclj","text":"","type":"atomic","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[],"data":{"caption":"Un vestige du delta de la rivière Jezero s'élève contre les falaises du cratère, tel que photographié par le rover le 22 février.","target":null,"iframely":{"meta":{"path":"/bin/2021/06/02/66d0662e-d4a6-4621-b0eb-617e60c22852.jpeg","sha1":"815b5525a2ec001b769694f027e24769366c3cf9","width":1280,"height":984,"site":"PMD_BONE_Image","ratio":1.3,"updatedAt":"2021-06-02T15:25:26+0200","date":"2021-06-02T13:25:26.000Z","url":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/66d0662e-d4a6-4621-b0eb-617e60c22852.jpeg","canonical":"https://i.pmdstatic.net/bin/2021/06/02/66d0662e-d4a6-4621-b0eb-617e60c22852.jpeg","credit":"NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/MSSS ","id":"66d0662e-d4a6-4621-b0eb-617e60c22852","createdAt":"2021-06-02T15:25:26+0200","namespace":"bin","originalName":"phpAYYwtM","fileSize":239045,"extension":"jpeg"},"links":{"app":[{"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"type":"text/html","html":"","media":{"width":1280,"height":984}}],"thumbnail":[{"rel":["thumbnail","ssl"],"type":"image/jpeg","href":"https://one.img.pmdstatic.net/fit/https.3A.2F.2Fi.2Epmdstatic.2Enet.2Fbin.2F2021.2F06.2F02.2F66d0662e-d4a6-4621-b0eb-617e60c22852.2Ejpeg/200x154/q/80/thumbnail.jpg","media":{"width":200,"height":154}}]},"rel":["app","ssl","html5"],"html":""},"format":null,"focusPoint":{"x":null,"y":null,"relativeX":null,"relativeY":null},"rel":null,"type":"image","source":"SERVICE DE PRESSE PERPETUEL","key":"5sclj"}},{"key":"4a7ln","text":"Version originale : Morgan McFall-Johnsen, Aria Bendix/Insider","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[],"entityRanges":[{"offset":20,"length":42,"key":5}],"data":{}},{"key":"2a42r","text":"À lire aussi — La vie détectée sur Mars pourrait être issue des laboratoires de la NASA, selon un scientifique","type":"unstyled","depth":0,"inlineStyleRanges":[{"offset":0,"length":110,"style":"ITALIC"},{"offset":0,"length":110,"style":"BOLD"}],"entityRanges":[{"offset":15,"length":95,"key":6}],"data":{}}],"entityMap":{"0":{"type":"INTERNAL_LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"url":"https://www.businessinsider.fr/lhelicoptere-ingenuity-va-bientot-decoller-sur-mars-187218"}},"1":{"type":"LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"children":"La Nasa dévoile un panorama exceptionnel à 360 °de Mars à partir de 142 photos envoyées par Perseverance","id":"f6f7af3c-1185-4483-8131-c391f4c82e75","url":"https://www.businessinsider.fr/la-nasa-devoile-un-panorama-exceptionnel-a-360-de-mars-a-partir-de-142-photos-envoyees-par-perseverance-186711"}},"2":{"type":"INTERNAL_LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"url":"https://www.businessinsider.fr/mars-comme-si-vous-y-etiez-perseverance-filme-son-atterrissage-186687"}},"3":{"type":"LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"url":"https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/multimedia/raw-images/","nofollow":true}},"4":{"type":"LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"url":"https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/spacecraft/rover/cameras/","nofollow":true}},"5":{"type":"LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"url":"https://www.businessinsider.com/nasa-perseverance-rover-best-photos-100-days-on-mars-2021-6?IR=T","nofollow":true}},"6":{"type":"LINK","mutability":"MUTABLE","data":{"children":"La vie détectée sur Mars pourrait être issue des laboratoires de la NASA, selon un scientifique","id":"35cfbe51-816d-4fb7-93e9-2729443d3ac4","url":"https://www.businessinsider.fr/la-vie-detectee-sur-mars-pourrait-etre-issue-des-laboratoires-de-la-nasa-selon-un-scientifique-187541"}}}}

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