Located in a desert landscape, Aït Benhaddou is a filming location for epic movies like "The Mummy," "Gladiator," "Alexander," and "Prince of Persia."
- The medieval ksar of Aït Benhaddou is a gorgeous tiny town in southwestern Morocco and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Located in a stunning red desert landscape, Aït Benhaddou is a frequent filming location for historical and epic movies like "The Mummy," "Gladiator," "Alexander," "Prince of Persia," "Kingdom of Heaven," and, most recently, "Game of Thrones."
- I recently visited. While it doesn't rival ancient archeological sites in places like Greece or Egypt, it is a stunning sight in its own right.
A tiny medieval town in southwestern Morocco is one of the most iconic sights in the world. You just don't know it by name.
The medieval ksar of Aït Benhaddou has played the part of an Egyptian town in the 1999 action movie "The Mummy," the Hindu Kush in Oliver Stone's 2004 Greek epic "Alexander," the Roman-era African city of Zucchabar in the 2000 classic "Gladiator," and, most recently, the city of Yunkai in "Game Of Thrones."
It's a strange phenomenon that locations that are historical and famous in their own right sometimes become more famous for the fictional things that happen there.
On my first trip to Philadelphia, I recall joking with my parents that Independence Hall is famously where Nicholas Cage's "National Treasure" character Benjamin Gates discovers a pair of glasses "made by" Benjamin Franklin, rather than where The Declaration of Independence was signed. "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" is half the reason I was so excited to visit the ancient city of Petra last year.
But that doesn't make a place like Aït Benhaddou any less awe-inspiring. Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, the mud-brick structures of Aït Benhaddou date back to the 1700s and are an impressive example of Moroccan architecture.
On a recent trip to Morocco, I decided to make a stop to check out Aït Benhaddou. Here's what it was like:
If you've ever watched Daenerys Targaryen conquer the city of Yunkai in "Game of Thrones" ...
... or seen Maximus Decimus Meridius become a slave and shout "Are you not entertained?" to a coliseum of bloodthirsty Romans ...
... then you've seen the medieval ksar of Aït Benhaddou. You may just not have known it. A few hours from Marrakech in southwestern Morocco, the fortified town is one of the premier sights in the country. That's it in the distance.
On a recent road trip from Marrakech to Fez, I decided to stop in Aït Benhaddou to have a look around. The town is a ksar, a North African term for a fortified town inhabited by Berbers, the indigenous population.
Like many ksars, Aït Benhaddou is built along a water source, the Ounila River, which sprouts palm trees and other desert vegetation along its banks.
To get to the ksar, you have to cross the river. But most of the river was dried up when I visited in January, so it wasn't too difficult.
There are some helpful stepping stones set up as a makeshift bridge to help you get across.
There are dozens of ksour (the plural of ksar) throughout Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria. But Aït Benhaddou is one of the biggest and most impressive.
Outside the fortified town lie fields for growing crops like grains that can survive in the arid desert climate.
Locals believe that Aït Benhaddou was founded in 757 C.E. by Ben-Haddou, whose tomb is supposedly behind the city. But historians say its unlikely any of the buildings in the city are older than the 1700s.
The structures are typically made of local raw materials that are compacted in a process called "rammed earth." Aït Benhaddou is made from the reddish mud-clay of the riverbanks.
You can see the raw materials the restoration teams are using to fix the structures here. Note the straw and mud-clay. Without upkeep, a ksar can be destroyed in as little as 20 years.
Source: Rough Guides
Like almost all ksour, Aït Benhaddou is made up of a few basic elements.
Source: Rough Guides
There is a series of houses where local Berber families live.
The houses are surrounded by very high walls to protect them from attacks by other populations.
Then there are a number of public structures.
There's a caravanserai, a local inn where weary travelers can rest for a day or two after long travel.
Then there are stables, like these, for locals' and travelers' animals. As Aït Benhaddou is such a popular tourist attraction and filming location, it's not completely in-use anymore, but there are plenty of other ksour scattered in Morocco that are.
Aït Benhaddou lies along a major North African trade route that in the past carried gold, silver, spices, and, unfortunately, slaves from Sudan and east Africa through the Sahara to Europe.
Source: Ancient Origins