Here's a general view showing how Tesla's self-driving car breaks down the world around it with eight subcategories, from motion flow to road signs.
The self-driving cars are being built with eight cameras that provide 360-degree visibility and 250 meters (820 feet) of range. They come with one radar sensor, 12 ultrasonic sensors, and Nvidia's Titan GPU onboard computing system to process all the information.
All of these additions also improve Tesla cars' Autopilot capabilities, renaming the system Enhanced Autopilot. You can get a better breakdown of the hardware changes being made to the cars here.
Let's start with the basics. Like before, the car comes with a virtual driver's instrument that shows where the car is in relation to its lane. The car also comes with a massive 17-inch display that shows a map of where the car is in relation to its surroundings.
The car can also see lane markings to prevent drift. That black box you see behind the rearview mirror is the Nvidia computing system, which comes with 40 times the computer power than the previous system Tesla used for its first generation Autopilot.
The car is able to distinguish between an obstacle and a sign with relevant information, as you can see here by the car flagging road signs in purple.
The car can also distinguish between the types of obstacles based on what kind of threat level they pose. Ones off to the side are highlighted in blue, while ones directly in its path are flagged in green.
That function works beyond stationary obstacles as well, such as these walkers that were flagged in green.
The car can also see traffic lights. That's an important upgrade, because the first generation of Autopilot was confined for highway use because it couldn't read traffic lights.
Here's how the car keeps track of all these different obstacles in motion when approaching a busy intersection.
And here's a look at how it could see someone from the side before it was directly in its front point of view.
Musk first released a video of its self-driving car with the Rolling Stone's "Paint It, Black" in the background, but the video released on Friday featured the Benny Hill theme song. Both songs will be uploaded for free to the cars as "Easter eggs."
—Elon Musk (@elonmusk) November 19, 2016