- On Saturday, Elon Musk showed off new details of SpaceX's planned super-heavy launch system called Starship.
- SpaceX posted a new animation on YouTube that shows the 39-story rocket launching from Boca Chica, Texas, where the company is developing the system, including a prototype called Starship Mark 1.
- The animation underscores SpaceX's interest in using Boca Chica as one of two bases of operations for Starship launches. Musk said launches could be as frequent as 1,000 times per year.
- However, SpaceX may face a down-to-Earth hurdle — a neighborhood called Boca Chica Village — before Starship missions can fly to the moon or Mars.
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SpaceX, the aerospace company founded by the tech mogul Elon Musk, has posted a new vision for launching Starship, a notional 39-story steel rocket system designed to help build moon bases and populate Mars.
The video is technically unlisted on the video-sharing site, but it appeared on a new website that SpaceX created to promote Starship and its aspirational capabilities.
Importantly, the clip details a planned hub of operations for Starship: SpaceX's private but nascent launch site at Boca Chica, a remote yet inhabited area at the southeastern tip of Texas.
You can watch the video using an embedded player below:
Musk debuted the video during a highly anticipated talk on Saturday at the launch site while he stood between two rockets. One was from SpaceX's past, called Falcon 1, and the other was a towering prototype, called Starship Mark 1, of the forthcoming rocket system.
"There are many troubles in the world, of course, and these are important, and we need to solve them. But we also need things that make us excited to be alive," Musk said on Saturday.
He added: "Becoming a spacefaring civilization — being out there among the stars — this is one of the things that I know makes me be glad to be alive."
Before the animation was shown this weekend, it was publicly unclear if and how SpaceX planned to expand its operations in South Texas to support operational Starship launches. But the video clearly shows expanded launch activities in South Texas, and Musk's words backed that up.
"This is going to sound totally nuts, but I think we want to try to reach orbit in less than six months," Musk said. "I think definitely possible that the first crewed mission on Starship could leave from Boca [Chica]."
What SpaceX's new Starship launch-sequence animation shows
For years, Musk has said the key to making humans an interplanetary species able to settle Mars — the "ultimate goal" of SpaceX — is making spaceflight as affordable as possible.
Right now, even the Falcon-class rockets that SpaceX builds, despite having reusable fairings and 16-story boosters, are not fully reusable. With each flight, multimillion-dollar hardware crashes back to Earth or is lost to space. With all other rocket systems, no parts are saved at all.
Musk thinks Starship could be the first fully reusable launch system. If his vision pans out, SpaceX may need to pay only for fuel, minor refurbishment, and the system's development costs, which he told Rachel Crane of CNN Business on Saturday may be about $2 billion to $3 billion — not $10 billion, as he said in September 2018. The cost of sending one pound of stuff into orbit may, as a result, drop hundredfold to thousandfold, Musk has said.
"The critical breakthrough that's needed for us to become a spacefaring civilization is to make space travel like air travel," Musk said on Saturday.
SpaceX's new animation, though it doesn't contain many new basic details — Musk first detailed the core concept in 2016 — nonetheless illustrates the company's latest plans.
The Starship system would have two stages: a 164-foot-tall Starship spaceship proper, and a roughly 223-foot-tall booster, called Super Heavy.
Each Super Heavy booster would use up to 37 car-size Raptor rocket engines to heave itself and a Starship on top toward space. Once high enough, Starship — a crewed vehicle, a cargo-carrying spacecraft, or a fuel-tanker variant — would detach and fire its six engines to reach orbit.
Meanwhile, the animation shows, Super Heavy would plummet back to Earth, refire its engines, and land back on the concrete pad it launched from.
Depleted of much of its fuel, the Starship would await a second Starship launch to refill its tanks; the two spacecraft would connect end-to-end in space, perform a refilling operation, and then disconnect. The fueled-up Starship would then have enough fuel to blast on its way to deep space, perhaps a higher orbit, the moon, or even Mars.
Though the animation doesn't show this, it's presumed the mostly empty Starship would scream back to Earth, using a skin of heat-resistant tiles lining its belly to deflect and absorb the searing-hot plasma generated by returning to Earth at about 25 times the speed of sound. The Starship would land near a Super Heavy, receive an inspection, get craned back onto the booster, and be fueled up with methane and oxygen for its next flight.
The video suggests SpaceX's and Earth's future in deep space
Musk has for months said SpaceX's plan is to build and launch Starship systems from two locations: Cape Canaveral, Florida, and Boca Chica.
"Both sites will make many Starships. This is a competition to see which location is most effective," Musk tweeted in May. "Answer might be both."
During his nearly two-hour appearance on Saturday, Musk firmly asserted that notion.
"We are going to be building ships and boosters at both Boca and the Cape as fast as we can," he said. "It's going to be really nutty to see a bunch of these things — I mean, not just one, but a whole stack of them. And we're improving both the design and the manufacturing method exponentially."
Unlike the company's launch sites at Cape Canaveral, which are leased from NASA and the US Air Force, Boca Chica is privately owned — and has less red tape, no adjacent competitors (such as Blue Origin and United Launch Alliance), and room for expansion.
When asked by Chris Davenport of The Washington Post about plans for the site's future, Musk said there would be "a lot more buildings and a lot more stuff — way more stuff than is currently here," including plants to produce liquid oxygen and methane using solar energy and carbon dioxide from Earth's air.
Musk said a single Starship site, if the vehicle were launched at its maximum rate, could see three or four launches a day — or more than 1,000 launches a year.
SpaceX is trying to buy out Boca Chica Village
SpaceX gained permission to build out a commercial spaceport in the Boca Chica area in July 2014. It has since radically revised that plan, with tweaks approved by the Federal Aviation Administration, though it has encountered some hurdles along the way.
One is Boca Chica Village. As first reported by Business Insider, SpaceX — citing safety issues and increasing disruptions — recently offered to privately buy out the owners of about 35 residences amid its spaceport in a small neighborhood. Though SpaceX has offered three times an appraised value, many of the residents (most of whom are retiree-age) have told Business Insider they do not plan to accept the offer.
"I don't see any fundamental obstacles. We are working with the residents of Boca Chica Village because we think, oh, it's time, it's going to be quite disruptive to their — to living in Boca Chica Village. Because it'll end up needing to get cleared for safety a lot of times," Musk said on Saturday, in response to a question from Jeff Foust of Space News. "I think the actual danger to Boca Chica Village is low but is not tiny, so therefore we want super-tiny risk. Probably over time, better to buy out the villagers."
It's unclear whether villagers are barreling toward a standoff with SpaceX over their properties. Business Insider has learned that the company might let residents who don't mind the disruptions stay for now.
However, the Cameron County Spaceport Development Corporation, which was created to support SpaceX, has eminent-domain authority and can, with the vote of local commissioners, initiate a condemnation process. (SpaceX previously declined to comment on the matter.)
"I'm sure that authority was put in place for a reason. I'd be willing to explore it," Nicholas Serafy Jr., the chair of the corporation, previously told Business Insider. "I wouldn't say it's been an elephant in the room, but it may become an elephant in the room."
This story has been updated.