- Larry Ellison, the billionaire founder and CTO of Oracle, has a net worth of $68.4 billion, according to Forbes.
- He joined his "close friend" Elon Musk on Tesla's board of directors in December 2018.
- Here's how Ellison went from two-time college dropout to an international jet-setting, yacht-racing playboy.
- Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.
Larry Ellison, the 74-year-old billionaire cofounder of Oracle, is one of the most interesting men in tech.
Here's how he went from two-time college dropout all the way to international playboy and tech titan.
Larry Ellison currently has a net worth of $68.4 billion, according to Forbes. That makes him the seventh-richest person in the world.
Lawrence Joseph Ellison was born in the Bronx on August 17, 1944, the son of a single mother named Florence Spellman.
When he was 9 months old, baby Larry came down with pneumonia. His mom sent him to Chicago to live with his aunt and uncle, Lillian and Louis Ellison.
Louis, his adoptive father, was a Russian immigrant who took the name "Ellison" in tribute to the place in which he entered the US: Ellis Island.
Ellison went to high school in Chicago's middle-class South Side before attending the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
When his adoptive mother died during his second year at college, Ellison dropped out. He tried college again later at the University of Chicago but dropped out again after only one semester.
Finally, in 1966, a 22-year-old Ellison moved to Berkeley, California — near the future Silicon Valley, already the place where the burgeoning tech industry was taking off.
He made the trip from Chicago to California in a flashy turquoise Thunderbird that he thought would make an impression in his new life.
Ellison bounced around from job to job, including stints at companies like Wells Fargo and the mainframe manufacturer Amdahl. Along the way, he learned computer and programming skills.
The turning point came when Ellison came to work for the electronics company Ampex, which had a contract to build a database for the CIA codenamed "Oracle."
In 1977, Ellison and partners Bob Miner and Ed Oates founded a new company, Software Development Laboratories. The company started with $2,000 of funding, $1,200 of which came out of Ellison's own pocket.
Ellison and company were inspired by IBM computer scientist Edgar F. Codd's theories for a so-called relational database — a way for computer systems to store and access information. Nowadays, they're taken for granted, but in the '70s, they were a revolutionary idea.
The first version of the Oracle database was version 2 — there was no version 1. In 1979, the company renamed itself Relational Software Inc., and in 1982 it formally became Oracle Systems Corp., after its flagship product.
As one of the key drivers of the growing computer industry, Oracle grew fast. In 1986, Oracle had its initial public offering, reporting revenue of $55 million.
Still, in 1990, Oracle had to lay off 10% of its workforce, about 400 people, because of what Ellison later described as "an incredible business mistake." Oracle allowed its salespeople to book future sales in the current quarter, meaning all its numbers were skewed. It resulted in lawsuits and trouble with regulators.
It took a few years, but by 1992 Ellison and Oracle managed to right the course with some new blood and the popular Oracle7 database.
Ellison is known for his willingness to trash-talk competitors. For much of the '90s, he and Oracle were locked in a public-relations battle with the competitor Informix, which went so far as to place a "Dinosaur Crossing" billboard outside Oracle's Silicon Valley offices at one point.
He also sponsors the Oracle USA sailing team, which won the America's Cup in 2010.
Ellison even managed to turn a potential loss into a big win. In 1999, Ellison's protégé Marc Benioff left Oracle to work on a new startup called Salesforce.com. Ellison was an early investor, putting $2 million into his friend's new venture.
Given that Salesforce is now a $115 billion company, Ellison personally profits even when his competitors do well. It has led to a rocky relationship between the two executives that continues to this day, with the two taking shots at each other in the press.
In fact, Salesforce aside, the dot-com boom of the late '90s benefited Oracle, too: All of those new dot-com companies needed databases, and Oracle was there to sell them.
Source: Investor's Business Daily
When Steve Jobs returned to Apple as CEO in 1997, he asked Ellison to sit on the board. Ellison stuck around for a while but felt that he couldn't devote the time.
With the coffers overflowing, Ellison was able to lead Oracle through a spending spree once the dot-com boom was over and prices were low. In 2004, for example, Oracle snapped up the HR software provider PeopleSoft for $10.3 billion.
And in 2010, Oracle bought Sun Microsystems, a server company that started at about the same time as Oracle, in 1982. That acquisition gave Oracle lots of key technology, including control over the popular MySQL database.
Starting in the 2010s, Ellison started to take more of a back seat, handing more responsibilities to trusted lieutenants, like Mark Hurd and Safra Catz ...
... but his spending didn't slow down. In 2012, he bought 98% of the Hawaiian island of Lanai.
Ellison founded a startup called Sensei that does hydroponic farming on Lanai in March 2016.
Ellison also purchased Hawaiian budget airline Island Air in 2014, before selling a controlling interest in the airline two years later after it struggled financially.
Ellison has also invested in educational platform maker Leapfrog Enterprises.
Not all of Ellison's side-projects have worked out, though: He was an early investor in Theranos, the blood-testing startup that shut down in 2018 after founder Elizabeth Holmes was accused of fraud.
In addition to the island, Ellison owns the Astor Beechwood Mansion in Newport, Rhode Island (pictured below) ...
... this home in Malibu, California...
... and this home in Woodside, California. He has another home in Rancho Mirage, California.
Ellison also owns the Indian Wells tennis tournament.
Ellison's spending habits are so extreme that his accountant, Philip Simon, asked him to "budget and plan" in 2002, according to Bloomberg.
Ellison has been married and divorced four times. Coupled with his extreme wealth, it's given him a reputation as an international, jet-setting playboy. He's said to be dating Nikita Kahn, a model and actress.
Source: South China Morning Post
Ellison has two children. His daughter Megan is an Oscar-nominated film producer, having worked on Zero Dark Thirty and American Hustle.
Ellison's son David is also in the film business, producing films including 'The Terminator' and 'Mission: Impossible.'
In 2014, Ellison officially stepped down as Oracle CEO, handing control over to Hurd and Katz. At that time, Ellison held the title of fifth-richest person in the world.
In 2016, Ellison scored a personal coup: Back in 1998, he had made a $125 million investment in ex-Oracle exec Evan Goldberg's startup business-management software firm, NetSuite ...
... which ended up working out, when NetSuite CEO Zach Nelson negotiated the sale of the company to Oracle for $9.3 billion, netting Ellison a cool $3.5 billion in cash for this stake. NetSuite investor T. Rowe Price tried to block the deal, citing Ellison's conflict of interest, but it closed in November 2016.
Oracle is slowly but surely transitioning its business to the cloud — giving Larry Ellison plenty of opportunities to take potshots at Amazon Web Services, the leading player in the cloud computing market.